Communities Nationwide Facing Drinking Water Issues
Serious drinking water related issues have popped across the country and they are putting lives in danger as well as harming the health of citizens who drink the contaminated water. Water resources have been found to be contaminated with lead, toxins, bacteria and dangerous chemicals despite water treatment efforts.
Flint, Michigan is a perfect example of poor and dilapidated plumbing infrastructure combined with a polluted water source. Despite efforts from the government to regulate and control the drinking water for safety, they failed to alert the public of the lead and harmful bacteria found in the water supply.
An EPA report’s statistical data shows that only 9 states are reporting safe levels of lead in the water supply. This means that the other 41 states had Action Level Exceedance (ALEs) in the last 3 years. ALEs indicate that the levels of lead in the drinking water are reported to be higher than acceptable levels.
Over $5 billion has been pledged by the government and other institutions for improvement to water accessibility and quality nationwide.
As more water crisis stories are reported nationally, the uptick for purchasing bottled water continues to increase. In 2012, The International Bottled Water Association (IBWA) and the Beverage Marketing Corporation (BMC) released data showing that overall bottled water consumption increased by 6.2 percent.
There are several factors contributing to the increase in bottled water sales; taste, safety, accessibility and convenience. It is common to go to an event and opt for a bottle of water over the water fountain. In a survey conducted by the FDA bottled water drinkers cite health by 2 to 1 for reasons for their purchase. 55% of drinkers stated it was convenience for their reason to purchase bottled water while 56% cited taste.
I have heard people discuss the water they would or would not purchase and even identify certain brands with a status. For instance, the movie “The Grown Ups” with Adam Sandler had scenes dedicated throughout the movie to water brand stigmas. The spoiled children would only order Voss water that comes in a glass bottle. There is more to bottled water than just stigma.
Bottled water is not regulated the same way as tap water. They are regulated by different agencies. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulates the water from your tap while the Food and Drug Administration is responsible for regulating packaged water.
The Federal government does not require bottled water to be safer than tap in fact, the NRDC conducted a 4 year review that concluded just that. An estimated 25 percent or more of bottled water is just tap. Sometimes the tap water was found to be further treated but this is not a standard. Tap water is not a guarantee of safe drinking water either, find out How Your Treated Tap Water Could Be Harming You.
Over 50 percent of bottled water comes from tap water. So why pay 1000 times the price for bottled water if it is only tap water? Stop spending all of that money on bottled water and carry your own bottle with a filter that you can fill up anywhere at anytime!
Tests have been conducted on bottled water by various organizations such as the NRC, FDA, Environmental Working Group (EWG) and NRDC. These tests have shown that the following pollutants have been found in Bottled Water:
<< Water Treatment Chemicals: Disinfection ByProducts and Fluoride
<< Fertilizer Pollution: Nitrate and Ammonia
<< Synthetic Chemicals Used in Chemical Industry: Acetaldehyde, Isobutane, Nonanoic Acid, Hexane, Toluene and many more
<< Bacterial Contamination
<< Radioactive Pollutants
A majority of bottled water companies refuse to answer where their water comes from, how it is purified and what contaminants were found if they even tested the water. While I would not tell you what you need to buy I can provide you a list of the reported best and worst rated bottled water.
<< Tibet 5100 – Glacial-Spring Water, Tibet
<< Waiakea – Volcanic Water, Hawaii
<< Fiji Water – Artesian Water, Fiji
<< Perrier – Sparkling Water, France
<< Voss – Artesian Water, Norway
<< Evian – Spring Water, France
<< Smartwater – Distilled/Filtered Water, Multiple Locations
<< Volvic – Spring Water, France
<< Hildon – Mineral Water, UK
<< Icelandic Glacial – Glacial Water, Iceland
<< Aquafina – Tap Water
<< Nestle Pure Life – Well or Tap Water
<< Dasani – Tap Water
<< Ethos Natural Spring Water
Our bodies are very dependent upon staying hydrated. We require water to flush toxins from our vital organs, carry nutrients to our cells and provide a moist environment for ears, nose and throat tissues. The average person drinks about 2 – 3 litres of water per day, but what if that water had hidden toxins, bacteria or other contaminants we did not know about?
Our senses alert us of a few of the more obvious contaminants such as smelling a sulfur odor, seeing discoloration or cloudiness, or tasting something in our water. Some of most harmful bacteria, chemicals, viruses and even lead cannot be smelled or seen in our drinking water.
Are we taking it for granted that the water we are drinking is really void of these types of contaminants. Even if you drink bottled water you could still be ingesting some of these contaminants. Yes, not all bottled water is the same and many brands are just bottled tap water.
Any municipality serving water to more than 25 people are required to comply to the Safe Drinking Water Act. This means that the water must be tested on a regular basis for any harmful contaminants. If any contaminants are found above the acceptable limits the public must be notified. You will often see this in a boil water alert. The only problem with this is that water treatment plants do not test for pharmaceutical drugsand other contaminants in the water that you could be drinking right now.
If you have running tap water provided from a municipality or public or private utility they provide a Consumer Confidence Report annually. You can also obtain this report via request.
Keep in mind this water is typically not tested for everything and there have been many cities across the nation that have had serious drinking water issues that have affected their health such as Flint, Michigan, Camp Lejeune, NC and Willow Grove, PA.
Testing the water quality in your home really depends upon what you want to test for. Your home may be near a major chemical spill, agricultural center or manufacturer. Maybe you are in a large city where your water could be just as easily compromised.
If you you are unsure of what you want to test for or if you want to test for “everything”, it is best to contact a professional water laboratory. A list of certified offices can be found on the Environmental Protection Agency’s website. You can also call their Safe Drinking Water Hotline at 800-426-4791.
You can also test your water from home by using a home water testing kit that can be easily purchased.
The PurTest Home Water Analysis Kit that is based upon EPA water testing standards. It has a high reliabilty rating and will test for bacteria, lead, pesticides, iron, chlorine and several other water quality conditions.
About 15% of the US population relies on private well or groundwater for drinking. Private well water is not regulated by the EPA and are not subject to EPA standards. Some states and local governments do regulate for water quality, you will need to contact your local government to find out what regulations if any exist.
Your family could be at risk of illness if the groundwater they drink becomes contaminated.
Sources of contamination include the following:
>>Storage tanks located underground
>>Runoff from roadways and urban areas
>>Fertilizers and pesticides
>>Failed septic tanks
Testing your well water can be done simply at home unless you want to rely on professional companies to test for you.
Watersafe Well-Water Test is an inexpensive home option. The kit tests for the most common contaminants found in drinking water such as lead, bacteria and pesticides. This test is recommended yearly.
Often times when traveling you stop at the store and purchase bottled water, some may even bring along water from home. Not all bottled water is free of chemicals or contaminants and many test positive for these. Why not take control of always having safe drinking water and bring along a water bottle with a filter in it. This way you can fill it up on your trip or throughout your day with less concern over what you are consuming from your water.
Knowing what is in your drinking water starts with you. You do not have to spend a ton of money to ensure the water you and your family consume is safe. Take the necessary steps today and put the worry at ease.
When you accept tap water from a restaurant or in someone’s home do you ever notice how different it may taste from one location to the next? Sometimes the water tastes metallic and other times slightly earthy. The more I have studied the quality of our drinking water the more adamant I am about bringing my own filtered water, I never leave home without it.
In the past several years the amount of water related illnesses has risen. Often times these illnesses could have been prevented if water treatment plants improved the testing requirements, updated the water treatment technology and if citizens took an extra step and filtered their own water.
Municipal or private water treatment plants are regulated by different agencies. The EPA oversees the quality of tap water that comes through your tap while the FDA regulates the safety and truthful labeling of bottled water.
The most common water contaminants that may affect your health are bacteria, viruses, and chemicals. These are typically eliminated through the water treatment process if your water comes from a public water utility. This should not be a guarantee as seen with recent events in Flint, Michigan where lead in the drinking water has had a major health impact on it’s citizens. Risk is also increased after a natural disaster or environmental leak into the waterway that requires a boil water alert.
If your water comes from a well it is not may not be treated for the removal or elimination of any contaminants. A good water filter will help in the removal of harmful bacteria, viruses and chemicals. You can use a whole house system or a simple inexpensive water filter you can place on your counter or put in your refrigerator.
The EPA requires public water treatment facilities to reduce lead levels found in drinking water but do not require testing for pharmaceuticals or Superbugs that may not be eliminated through the water treatment process.
Studies have shown that the sewage released from hospitals have waste from those suffering drug-resistant infections mixed with high levels of antibiotics. Some bacteria like CRE (carbapenem-resistant enterobacteriaceae) thrives in water. It has been found in hospital sink drains and lives in patients intestines where it passes with the waste. Treated water is then released into Oceans, creeks or rivers.
Testing is currently not required for drug resistant bacteria and the impact it has on treated water, however in the fall of 2015 EPA scientists found CRE in sewage treatment plants across the country. There is a rising concern for risk exposure and more needed testing.
A new study was completed by the American Chemical Society of Denver, in they found that chlorine (a common wastewater disinfectant) is not eliminating all of the pharmaceutical drugs in the treated water. Olya, Keen, Ph.D., of the University of North Carolina at Charlotte and lead scientist on the study stated, “Treated wastewater is one of the major sources of pharmaceuticals and and antibiotics in the environment”.
According to Dr. Keen is that the problem with this is that these drugs are getting into the environment and disrupting the hormone systems of aquatic life.
Exposure of antibiotics to the environment leads to antibiotic resistant superbugs, even if it is a low levels. The effects to humans is currently unknown. Disposal of pharmaceuticals is currently not regulated.
There are many contributing factors to drinking water quality issues. It could be due to old rusty pipes in your home, dated water treatment systems or infrastructure leading to your home, environmental contamination or a natural disaster.
Possible indicators that something may be wrong with your water are taste, color, odor, or the staining of clothes.
If you are connected to a public water system where your wastewater is monitored you can request a water quality report known as the Consumer Confidence Report. This report is typically sent once a year in July. The details of the report include information on contaminants found, possible health effects, and the source of water.
If you are on well water or a private water supply then it is your responsibility to have your water tested. It is important to know what is in your water. There are plenty of companies that provide water testing services.
There are many water filtration systems that will eliminate contaminants from your drinking water. Studies have found that the best way to target pharmaceuticals drugs in your drinking water is through a reverse osmosis system.
It has become increasingly harder to rely on the idea that our water is safe to drink because it comes out of the tap. Increase the quality of drinking water for you and your family today and invest in a water treatment system that works best for you.
Most of us do not think twice about how accessible water is in our daily lives. In fact, most Americans do not have any water stored in case of an emergency or natural disaster. We plan our days around schedules for work, kids, friends, family and events. Taking a shower, eating and laundry are some events that are a part of our daily lives where access to clean water is not even questioned, it is assumed as readily available.
You may be thinking that since you drink filtered or bottled water that you are safe. Contact with water is not just about drinking it. Your skin is the largest organ you have and while many of us pay attention to the products we apply, how often do we think in the same manner about the water we come in contact with?
According to the US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes for Health, your skin absorbs 64% of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) found in drinking water, in other words, CHEMICALS. With this knowledge would you think differently about the water that comes out of your faucet to wash your dishes or bathe if you knew it was contaminated?
Many people take for granted that since they are on well water or their water comes from a water treatment plant that it is fairly safe. City after city across America is testing positive for very dangerous chemicals, pharmaceutical drugs and other contaminants and the public is not being made aware of test results or even if testing is being conducted. So just how safe is it?
Many people are aware of the recent water crisis in Flint, MI where the water had known contaminates and the public was not made aware for 2 years. Another current, ongoing water emergency in Montgomery County, PA is taking place at Willow Grove Air Reserve Station. Hazardous waste was found in the ground water samples at or above EPA recommended levels for health safety.
These are not the first communities affected by polluted and contaminated drinking water. Reports on water quality are steadily increasing as more citizens and municipalities are questioning the safety of their water.
The Associated Press published articles from an investigative report they conducted in 2008 on pharmaceuticals in drinking water. The AP National Investigative Team accessed data from hundreds of scientific reports, analyzed federal drinking water databases, and visited environmental study sites and water treatment plants where they interviewed hundreds of officials, academics, and scientists. Surveys of water providers were conducted in small communities in all 50 states as well as 50 of the largest cities in the US.
The AP National Investigative Team Members tested the following drinking water samples:
>>>Philadelphia – 56 pharmaceuticals or byproducts in treated drinking water, including medicines for pain, infection, high cholesterol, asthma, epilepsy, mental illness and heart problems. 63 pharmaceuticals or byproducts were found in the city’s watersheds.A portion of the drinking water for 18.5 million people in Southern California detected an anti-epileptic and anti-anxiety medications.
>>>U.S. Geological Survey Researchers analyzed a Passaic Valley Water Commission drinking water treatment plant, in Northern New Jersey, that serves 850,000 people, found mood stabilizers and a metabolized angina medicine.
>>>San Francisco – Sex hormone
>>>Washington DC and surrounding areas tested positive for six pharmaceuticals.
>>>In Tucson, AZ officials found 3 medications including an antibiotic.
It is important to note that small towns are at a disadvantage compared to larger populated areas. The EPA only tests water supplies that serve over 10,000 people. This means that the average small town does not undergo any type of extensive water testing.
While some water treatment plants conduct their own testing most are not testing for pharmaceuticals, nor do the facilities have the capability of removing them from water. Most treatment plants are successful in reducing some drugs through their normal treatment process.
Research on the effects to human health is not widely available. The EPA has only recently started focusing on detection of drugs in the water. Many scientists and members of the medical community have been raising concerns about the evidence of pharmaceuticals affecting aquatic life, especially fish in the water sources tested.
You can control the safety of your drinking water by taking the necessary steps and precautions. Consider a water filtration system. You do not need to go with anything fancy if you are budget conscious. A simple carbon filter will work great or you can Find Out The 13 Ways To Purify Water and find an option that is most suitable for you and your family.
13 Ways To Purify Water
How to purify water in an emergency situation does not typically cross the minds of most people unless they are going to travel overseas. For most of our lives we have heard that water is a finite resource, but it has always been plentiful and we do not think twice about it.
Those of us who have been caught in an emergency or disaster situation have more than likely thought about what we could change if we found ourselves there again. Having access to clean, drinkable water is necessary no matter the emergency.
The drought in California, Hurricane Katrina and Sandy and the numerous yearly tornados are just a few reasons for having an emergency water storage plan. Take the necessary steps to ensure you and your family have the necessary water to drink, cook and use for hygiene.
In 2004 we lived in Maitland Florida, right outside of Orlando, and hunkered down during the three consecutive hurricanes that hit that summer. Even though our home was connected to city water we still had a boil water alert because pathogens and environmental elements infected the water and it was unsafe to drink!
Though we purchased several gallons of water, we just trusted that clean water would be accessible within reasonable time (as in a couple of days). This was not so, an immediate boil water alert went up and lasted for several weeks.
Even if we would have had the amount of water stored, 1 gallon per person, per day, for 3 days, recommended by FEMA we would not have had enough to get through the boil water alert.
We lived in a typical residential neighborhood that was without electricity, we did not have a generator and of course no wood for a fire so how were we going to boil water?
Well, we were resourceful and got through it, but quickly realized we did not have a plan to filter or purify drinking water for long term use and very well could have dealt with worse conditions like the victims of Hurricane Katrina.
Even if you have long term water storage, you will still need a way to filter and purify it. Water can easily become contaminated by pathogens such as bacteria or viruses. These can either make you very ill or possibly kill you. The most common pathogens found in water are Giardia and Cryptosporidium.
If we had a filtering and purification system in place we would not have had to be concerned with the boil water alert.
There are different ways to purify drinking water, choosing the method that fits your environment, budget and storage capability are important considerations, it also may come down to what you have available to use in case you find yourself without clean water. It is important to note:
Before we go over the different options in water filtration and purification it is important to know the difference between the 2. Filtered water is not necessarily purified water and filtering does not always make water safe to drink. It really depends on the method and or product you use.
Water Filtration rids water of debris and particles through a physical process. Depending upon the type of filter used even the smallest of particles can be removed like bacteria or microbial cysts.
Water filters cannot treat viruses and should not be solely relied upon for clean water. The only filters that are effective against some viruses are ones that have a chemical disinfectant component.
This is not a guarantee and it is important to research the safety and cleanliness of the filtered water from the option you choose. Water filters come in many sizes and shapes, they can be DIY (Do It Yourself) or bought.
It really depends on what your needs are. If you are going camping then a pocket or straw filter may be appropriate. If you are looking to filter water long term or large amounts of water you may consider a device such as the gravity filter.
Water Purification is a chemical process that will purify the water by removing germs, bacteria, and other unsafe contaminants or impurities.
The 2 most common chemicals used for purifying water are chlorine or iodine.
The most common store bought purification comes in the form of tablets or drops.
Boiling water is an excellent way to kill pathogens, viruses, and protozoa, however, it may not remove chemical pollutants. This is a great method If you find yourself in a natural disaster where your tap water becomes unsafe to drink or you have to collect water from the following sources:
Altitude does determine how long you will need to boil your for, the higher the altitude the longer you will need to boil. The CDC (Centers for Disease Control) recommends bringing water to a rolling boil for 1 minute and 3 + minutes for altitudes higher than 6,562 feet above sea level. It is best to boil for 5-10 minutes then additional 1 minute for every 300m above sea level.
If the water is cloudy or contains particles and sediment filter it first. For basic filter from household items use a sock, coffee filter or clean paper towel. Place the water in a pan or pot and bring to a rolling boil. After 3 minutes (pending your altitude) remove the water and let it cool naturally.
You can improve the flavor of the water with Water Purification Tabs or a pinch of salt per quart or liter of water. Store in food grade water containers. Boiling water does not remove sediment, minerals or heavy metals.
Distilling water is a process of boiling it until it steams and the condensation from the steam is captured into a clean container. Boiling water will kill bacteria and pathogens, when the steam rises it leaves any heavy metals, minerals & heavy contaminates behind. As the steam cools it will condensate returning to water and can be collected and stored.
Pasteurizing water uses less fuel than boiling, so if you have limited cooking fuel say while camping this method will be more efficient. The water needs to be heated to 150 degrees Fahrenheit for a minimum of 6 minutes in order to kill bacteria and parasites in water. There are DIY techniques that can be used for solar water pasteurization or with a solar still. Another option is using a solar oven with a water pasteurization accessory
Locations with plenty of sunshine provide a great way to purify water. This is a common method used to make potable drinking water from salt water. You will need a bowl or container to hold the salt or dirty water and then a heavy weighted cup to sit in the center of the bowl.
Make sure to not contaminate the cup with the unpurified water. Place clear plastic wrap over the bowl and make sure it is tightly sealed. Place a small rock on the clear wrap over the cup and place in the sun. When the water evaporates it will gravitate towards the rock and then condensate since it does not have any place to go.
This condensation will drip into the cup, when the process is complete remove the cup to have drinking water. This method takes several days depending upon the amount of water, and sunshine available.
Another option for desalination of salt water is to buy a ready-made desalinator that is compact and easy to travel with. These are great to store in an emergency survival kit on a boat, raft beach house or condo.
Water purification tablets or water purification drops are inexpensive and lightweight. They are great for travel kits for your car, hiking, and camping. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions on the package for use.
You will want to wait 30 minutes to ensure they are completely dissolved before drinking. The colder the water the less effective and more time is needed for the bacteria to be effectively killed.
The downside is that the water may leave a bitter taste in your mouth. You can purchase purification tablets that do not leave a chemical taste in your mouth or discolor the water. Check the expiration date before use as most have a shelf life of about 12 months.
Water treatment drops can be added to your water storage containers after they are filled. The solution will protect the water from bacteria or can refresh the taste and quality of the water.
It is best to rotate your stored water every 6 months to maintain the quality of the water, however if you find yourself in a situation where you have stored water such as in a 55 gallon barrel for a long period of time and would like to refresh the taste then this would be the time to use the water treatment drops.
Purification pumps come in many uses and are very versatile. They can be attached to your kitchen sink, or come as a handheld pump with filter and can be used in conjunction with a water bottle. They typically come with 1 or 2 separate hoses, one for clean water and one for dirty water.
The pump comes with a plunger used to suction the water through the hose, passes through a filter and out the clean water hose into your water bottle or container. The filters used along with pumps or in other purification devices are ceramic, carbon and gravity fed.
There are water bottles that have built in purifiers. They work similar to the pump but the water passes through the filter inside the bottle first prior to being available to drink from the bottle. It can be used along with water purification tablets to improve taste or increase the effectiveness of ridding bacteria and viruses.
Ceramic filters work by forcing water via gravity through very fine pores of the ceramic material to trap bacteria and sediment from the water. It removes contaminants such as E. coli, salmonella and bacteria like protozoan cysts, Cryptosporidium and Giardia.
They will not eliminate viruses, pesticides or organic pollutants out of the water so the water will still need to be treated or used in conjunction with a carbon filter.
These filters have a long life but will need to be replaced over time due to breaking and they must be cleaned regularly. This type of system that includes both a ceramic and a carbon filter to purify large quantities of water would be a great choice to have in a cabin in the woods or mountains or a hunting and fishing camp.
Carbon filters remove pesticides, chlorine, and several industrial chemicals. They are effective at removing bacteria and will need to be combined with another water purification option. Water passes through the activated carbon filter and it absorbs the impurities and contaminates.
The drawback to these filters is that they do not last very long. Once the absorption capacity is reached there will be remaining impurities in the water and the filter will need to be replaced.
This type of filter comes in many options for traveling to DIY and home systems. It is also a fairly inexpensive system especially if you create one yourself at home.
A gravity fed purifier uses gravity to pull the dirty water through the filter. The filter will either trap or absorb the impurities and contaminates. These can be purchased as a ceramic or carbon option.
Our favorite water storage containers are these 55 gallon drums because you can store them in your house or outside in a shady area. They also come with the syphon, a water treatment and the seal caps.
Right now we found it on sale for 46% off the regular price.
Go here to look at it and see if you want to get one too:
Remember that you need a 2 week water supply for each person in your family. And for just drinking and cooking it is recommended you have 1 gallon a day. You will need more if you want to bathe, wash dishes, and wash dirty clothes.
Flint Michigan Water is in a huge crisis. This is city water. What else are they not telling us about our water supply? Does this happen in other places besides Flint Michigan? Of course it does. But most of the time it is not spread all over the media and social networks.
What happened in Flint can happen anywhere.
The water in many urban cities is built with pipes and systems dating back to WWI. Think on that for a few minutes. Think about how old that makes so many systems, especially if you live in a city or town that is older.
We happen to live in a city that did not get started until the 1980’s so old pipes and such is not really an issue here, but other things are.
People are shipping in bottled water to people who live in Flint because they can not even drink the water.
The water contains lead. We know how toxic lead is. Contaminated water is available in a lot of towns besides just Flint.
The government knew about it and even the state workers were drinking bottled water and not giving it to the people living in the city.
What are the town, city, state and federal governments keeping from the rest of us?
When was the last time you checked your water with a testing kit to make sure it is safe to drink?
Checking our water should be at least a quarterly home safety task to put on our lists to do.
We started looking at our water storage plan and needless to say, it is in strong need of re-evaluating. We have food storage but even a lot of our food is dehydrated so it will need water in order to create meals with it.
This year one of my goals is to get better with coming up with water plans.
I will buy the 55 gallon drum water storage system and get a rain barrel too. I am going to stock up on other water systems and filters, etc.
We will also complete our all natural water filtering system that we can keep at home and create from things we have around the house.
I think this whole Flint water crisis really is a wake up call to get our water supply in order and also to be prepared to be able to clean and filter the water outside in case that is all we have to drink!
How to start your food storage.
It can feel quite overwhelming to look at how much food your family will need in emergencies. Start small, take baby steps. Don’t go all out trying to buy a year’s supply of food all at once. Don’t go into debt either, don’t put your food storage on credit!
The first place to start is with your 72 hour emergency kits. You need one 72 hour kit per family member.
After you have your 72 hour kits put together you can start with a one month of food storage and build from there.
The other way that we add to our food storage is by making a list of the absolute essentials. When those go on sale we stock up and try to get a one year supply. You can also make a goal each month of setting aside a certain amount of money to use just for food storage items.
Let’s use the example of salt. All food storage pantries need salt. You can use salt not just for cooking but also for cleaning and certain first aid treatments. Calculate out how much salt you will need for your family taking into consideration all the uses for salt. Perhaps your budget for food storage is $50 per month. $50 will buy a lot of salt if you wait for it to be on sale and stock up on the sale prices.
How to purify dirty water to make it drinkable.
There are a lot of systems out on the survival market which will treat the water when you must make sure it is safe for your family to drink.
We suggest that you use several of the products and several of the systems to make sure you have all possibilities covered.
What happens when you only have dirty water to drink? What would happen to our families if we wake up one morning to find that our water is not working in our home any more. What is the water becomes undrinkable and the city or town you live in issues a warning to not drink the water? Think this is far fetched? It happens more often than you might realize.
After one of the hurricanes came through our town we could not access clean water from the water lines because the canals were flooded and leaked contaminated water into our water supply.